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First Aid Basics for the Playground and Beyond!

Knowing first aid prepares children to respond fast and appropriately in medical situations and emergencies. First aid generally focuses on CPR, bleeding, shock, burns, eyes and nose injuries, animal and insect bites, fractures, sprains, strains and dislocations, poisoning, seizures, and injuries and illnesses caused by exposure to extreme temperatures. By knowing what to do in a variety of situations, you can empower your child to make a confident and prepared response. Whether they are relaxing on commercial outdoor benches or enjoying a playground, learning how to care for an injured or ill person is a critical skill for both boy scouts and girl scouts to learn at a young age. Learn more about first aid from the resources below.

CPR

Bleeding

  • Bleeding: Read these instructions on how to treat minor cuts, scratches and grazes and how to remove objects possibly embedded in the wounds.

  • First Aid – Bleeding: How should you deal with someone who is bleeding, how can you tell if the bleeding is serious, and what should you do in a bleeding emergency?

  • Bleeding Care: This guide includes information regarding external and internal bleeding, the symptoms associated with internal bleeding, and where to get help.

  • Nosebleeds: Learn about what causes nosebleeds, how to stop a nosebleed, and how to prevent further nosebleeds from occurring.

  • First Aid for Bleeding Gums: This first aid information outlines the issues around bleeding gums and how to treat your gums when they bleed.

  • Wounds and Bleeding: In an emergency situation, know these basic guidelines on treating wounds and bleeding.

Shock

Burns

  • First Aid for Burns: There are different types of burns and each type requires different first aid tips.

  • Types of Burns: Learn the difference between first-degree, second-degree and third-degree burns, and what treatments are available. [PDF]

  • Hot Tips: First Aid for Burns: Remember these safety and prevention tips when helping someone who has been burned.

  • Burn First Aid: There are many different treatments for different types of burns.

  • Treatment for Minor Burn: This article discusses treatment options when suffering from a minor burn.

  • First Aid – Burns: Learn what causes burns, how long burns take to heal, and other critical information.

Eye and Nose Injuries

  • First Aid Tips for Eye Injuries: Memorize these first aid tips for dealing with specks in the eye, cuts, foreign objects and punctures, as well as blows to the eye or chemical burns.

  • First Aid for Eyes: This article discusses treatments for bleeding of the eye, chemical exposure in the eye, and foreign objects in the eye.

  • Eye Injuries – First Aid: Causes, signs and symptoms, treatment, and prevention of common eye injuries are found here.

  • Nasal Injuries: Watch out for these complications associated with various nasal injuries.

  • Cuts and Wounds of the Nose: For superficial cuts and wounds on the nose, use these techniques.

  • Nose Injuries: Learn about the seriousness of a nose injury, complications that can arise from a broken nose, and treatment for various nose injuries.

Animal/Insect Bites

Fractures, Sprains, Strains & Dislocations

Poisoning

Seizures

Extreme Temperature Emergencies (Hot and Cold)

  • First Aid for Temperature Extremes: Follow this first aid advice when extreme temperatures are involved.

  • Cold Environments: Learn about the health effects relating to extreme cold and first aid for 'freezing' injuries like hypothermia.

  • Exposure to Extreme Temperatures: This is a basic guide to hyperthermia and hypothermia and what to do if exposed to extreme temperatures.

  • Extreme Heat: Follow federal tips on what to do before being exposed to extreme heat and while the weather is extremely hot.

  • Frost Bites and Hypothermia: This article discusses frost bite and hypothermia and the health effects of extreme cold.

  • Fever Fact Sheet: Learn about the causes of fever, what to do at home, and when you should see a doctor.

Find more about the author: Kim Hart